Art techniques

Perspective, vanishing point and blending

Unless your picture is being drawn as viewed face forward in front of your line of sight, e.g. as though only the one side of a house is visible, you will need to employ various techniques to give a sense of perspective.  In other words, to make the objects in the picture look realistic.

I’m sure you can all draw a cube, one square face with lines coming out at an angle from three of the corners.  The point at which these three lines converge is called the vanishing point which is a point on the horizon line/eye level.  This is single point perspective.

Two-point perspective is more realistic again as it captures angles on both sides of an object.  By setting two vanishing points on the horizon line we can accurately draw an object as it would appear in real life.

Once you have drawn a vaguely life-like building, it will need shading to indicate light and shade; parts of a scene that are illuminated from a light source (e.g. the sun), parts that fall in shade and shadows created by objects.  The doors/windows of a building have a tricky combination of light and shade and this can be recreated using blending; starting with a solid line at the darkest point of the shaded area we can brush outwards until it fades to white.

The book gives two exercises to complete, mine are shown below:

DSC_0016~2 (2)

In reading and learning about the techniques of drawing and painting, I’ve come to a realisation that art isn’t just for those special souls with a bucket load of talent, although I’m sure that makes it easier!  With patience and enthusiasm creating art is available to us all.

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